Southern Africa has hosted refugees from conflicts across the continent, from the Democratic Republic of Congo, to Rwanda, to Sudan.

A 27-year civil war in Angola ended in 2002 and since then many refugees and internally displaced persons have been able to return home. However, about 190,000 remained in exile and an additional 19,000 were still internally displaced at the end of 2007.

Political conflict and economic collapse have pushed millions of Zimbabweans to leave their homes. Many head to South Africa seeking safety, or simply looking for work. In addition, government policies have resulted in massive internal dislocation in the name of ensuring order.

Publications of the International Refugee Rights Initiative related to Southern Africa:

Botswana: Repatriating Eritreans Without Access to Asylum Procedure Would Violate International Law and Could Amount to Refoulement, 16 October 2015

"Open letter to the African Union on the resurgence of xenophobic violence in South Africa presented on the occasion of the AU Summit in Sandton, Johannesburg, June 2015," 10 June 2015

"Open Letter to the African Commission Regarding the Xenophobic Attacks in South Africa," 23 April 2015

"Congolese in Danger of Being Deported from Botswana," Refugee Rights News, Volume 5, Issue 5, November 2009.

"South Africa Attempts to Help Zimbabwe Migrants through New Permit System," Refugee Rights News, Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2009.

"Civil Society Demands Protection of Targeted Foreigners in South Africa," Refugee Rights News, Volume 4, Issue 6, October 2008.

"'It's Like You Don't Exist': Foreigners still searching for solutions two months after the xenophobic violence in South Africa," Refugee Rights News, Volume 4, Issue 5, July 2008.

"South Africans, Foreigners and the Dynamics of Identity in South Africa," Refugee Rights News, Volume 4, Issue 4, June 2008.

"Perspectives on Refoulement in Africa," Presentation to the Canadian Council for Refugees in Toronto, June 2006.

"Advocating Against Forced Displacement in Zimbabwe," Refugee Rights News, Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2005.

"Advocates in South Africa Help Ease the Plight of Zimbabwean Asylum Seekers" Refugee Rights News, Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2004.