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November 10

The International Refugee Rights Initiative, in partnership with Rema Ministries and the Social Science Research Council, released a new paper, "Two People Can't Share the Same Pair of Shoes: Citizenship, Land and the Return of Refugees to Burundi."

The paper, the second in the series Citizenship and Displacement in the Great Lakes Region, tracks the experience of refugees returning to southern Burundi after decades in exile. Based on 245 interviews conducted primarily in southern Burundi, the paper highlights the importance of access to land in the reintegration process.

Read the paper here.
In French.

The first paper "Going Home or Staying Home? Ending Displacement for Burundian Refugees in Tanzania" in this series may be found here.


September 17

"'I don’t know where to go': Burundian Refugees in Tanzania under Pressure to Leave."


Less than two weeks from the date of the announced closure of Tanzania's last refugee camp for Burundians, the Centre for the Study of Forced Migration and the International Refugee Rights Initiative launched the report, "'I Don't Know Where to Go': Burundian Refugees in Tanzania Under Pressure to Leave".

The paper, based on a two-week mission conducted in Tanzania in August 2009 outlines serious concerns regarding the protection of refugees in the country.

The project seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the linkages between conflicts over citizenship and belonging in the Great Lakes region, and forced displacement.


This paper outlines serious concerns regarding the protection of refugees in the country: once the camp is closed, approximately 30,000 refugees will be effectively homeless. Pressure to repatriate combined with a clear reticence on the part of refugees to return, calls into question the voluntary nature of the exercise. Meanwhile the outcome of a special scheme to offer naturalisation to a specific group of Burundian refugees – those who fled in 1972 – remains unclear.


April 23

One month on in Darfur and Sudan: The Expulsion and Suspension of International and National Humanitarian and Human Rights Organisations

A note issued by the Darfur Confortium in collaboration with IRRI to the African Union

It has been just over one month since the expulsion of 13 international humanitarian agencies from Sudan by the Government of Sudan and the suspension of the operations of three leading local organisations which provided protection and humanitarian aid. Along with all well-meaning peoples and entities within and outside Africa, the Consortium remains deeply troubled by the deeply adverse effects that these developments have on the protection of civilians, the humanitarian situation in Darfur, the protection of human rights in Sudan, and the indigenous Sudanese human rights movement more generally.

This 2 briefing note, which was compiled with the assistance of members of the Consortium working on the ground in Darfur and Sudan, addresses the following issues:

• The humanitarian situation following the expulsions and suspensions;

• The suspension of indigenous organisations providing assistance and protection in Darfur and Sudan and the harassment and detention of human rights defenders; and

• Sudan’s legal obligations under its Constitution and regional and international humanitarian and human rights law.

It concludes with recommendations principally for the African Union and its member states and governments.

Read the report here.