Comparison of the Kampala Convention and the IDP Protocol of the Great Lakes Pact
Published: 1 Jan 2014
Download the comparison note here
The Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Africa – the Kampala Convention – was adopted by the African Union (AU) Heads of State Special Summit in Kampala, Uganda, on 23 October 2009. It is the first independent legally binding regional instrument in the world to impose on states the obligation to protect and assist IDPs.
The Convention entered into force on 6 December 2012, after having been ratified by 15 African countries. Since then, on-going efforts to ensure additional ratifications have brought Angola, Malawi, Mali and Rwanda on board.
The Protocol on the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons – the IDP Protocol – was signed as part of the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region by the Heads of State and Government of eleven member states3 on 15 December 2006, under the auspices of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR). All member states have ratified the Pact, of which the IDP Protocol is a part.