Video: Understanding conflict dynamics around refugee settlements in northern Uganda
Published: 16 Sep 2019
This video (watch below) is a summary of the findings in our report “Understanding conflict dynamics around refugee settlements in northern Uganda” launched recently in Kampala in August 2019. Between December 2018 and May 2019, the International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI) undertook a study in Adjumani, Arua and Lamwo districts in northern Uganda to understand the relations between South Sudanese refugees and Ugandan host communities, the relationships among refugees themselves, and cross-border dynamics that affect them.
Interviews and focus group discussions with more than 470 respondents divulged positive relations between refugee and host communities, through sharing of resources, a history of displacement for both sides, and social interactions. There were, however, distinct elements causing conflicts, both among the refugees themselves and between the refugee and host community members. The major ones were competition for limited natural resources such as grass, firewood and water; competition for jobs and other livelihoods, as well as misunderstandings around land and stray animals.
The report points out that while many of the issues outlined are not dramatic at the moment, they could escalate into violence if not addressed, especially given the increasing volume and protracted nature of the South Sudanese refugee presence in Uganda. IRRI recommends structural dialogue to address frustrations and increased investment in environmental protection, among other recommendations.
The research and report publication were made possible with funding support from Oxfam International and the Peacebuilding Fund of the Belgian Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
You can also download the full report here.