Uganda, which generated hundreds of thousands of refugees in the late 1970s and 1980s and had a significant internally displaced population until the Lord’s Resistance Army was pushed out of the country, now itself hosts over a million refugees, mainly from South Sudan. It is often lauded for its progressive refugee policy, allowing the vast number of refugees from countries such as South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Burundi to move around relatively freely and access the labour market and some land. In practice, however, serious challenges remain.