Burundi’s cycles of conflict over recent decades have displaced hundreds of thousands of its citizens and resulted in serious atrocities. The 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement allowed the situation to stabilise and refugees to return, but political repression continued alongside failures in the reintegration process. Levels of violence escalated in 2015 following the controversial bid of President Nkurunziza for a third mandate, prompting new waves of displacement within and from the country.